A diet tailored to you and your body

For years, dozens of diets and miracle formulas tried to establish themselves as the permanent solution to any problem related to food. Luckily, today we have increasingly advanced methods that allow us to create a diet that fits the requirements of our body and our lifestyle. These personalized diets are scientifically-based and realistic, which means they are easy to turn into a healthy habit you will not want to do without.

What professionals should you visit?

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist

Dietitians and nutritionists will help you start a diet and stick to it. Visit these specialists if you are a healthy person who wants to start taking good care of him/herself and eat well.

They will help you:

  1. Lose weight in a controlled manner and build healthy eating habits.
  2. Control metabolic disorders: diabetes or hypertension.
  3. Solve nutritional problems like obesity.

Endocrinologist

The endocrinologist is a doctor specialized in hormone imbalances, the metabolism and nutritional problems. Visit this specialist if you are facing a serious or intractable problem.

They will help in cases like:

  1. Problems with the endocrine system: hypothyroidism.
  2. Serious metabolic disorders: diabetes, osteoporosis or hypertension.
  3. Nutritional problems harder to solve: obesity or malnutrition.

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Current assessments and tests

Do you know what a nutritional assessment is and how it works? How is it different from a test to detect a food allergy?

Nutritional assessment

If you want to lose weight effectively, reach your goals and maintain your ideal weight, there is nothing more important than a complete nutritional assessment to provide you with an understanding of your physical and mental condition as well as your clinical and nutritional history. And for the nutritional assessment to be performed correctly and successfully it should always take into account your weaknesses and your food preferences.

How does it work?

Before you start following a set of guidelines, it is important to study your body and lifestyle in depth. To achieve this, nutritionists conduct a comprehensive study consisting of:

peso-ideal

Collecting data to calculate your ideal weight

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Rating your eating habits

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Providing first nutritional and dietary recommendations

Since it is necessary to study each case individually, once this data is collected the nutritionist will devise a fully customized diet plan adapted to you personally. In your next visit they will explain the diet in depth, as well as little tricks and recipes to make it easier for you to adjust. In the coming visits (during regular checks)you can ask questions or alter the diet according to the changes you notice in your body.

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consejo

Remember that these diets are not just a new way to take care of yourself and eat well, they will eventually become a lifestyle that you will want to maintain. Give yourself time to get used to your diet and you will see in what an easy and healthy way you will maintain your ideal weight almost effortlessly.

Tests to detect food intolerances

If, on the other hand, what you want is to detect certain food allergies, there are now highly effective tests that help us determine whether our body reacts adversely to certain foods, such as gluten, lactose, cow’s milk protein or fructose. In fact, you should know that these are the only allergies that can be diagnosed effectively. There are different methods to detect these food allergies, including celiac disease. We explain what each one of them is and how to detect them.

Lactose and Fructose

What are they?

They are two types of sugar. Lactose is the sugar in milk, while fructose is the sugar in fruit (and other foods such as cereals, sugar cane or honey).

How can you detect an intolerance?

  1. Hydrogen Breath Test (HBT). It measures hydrogen levels in the patient’s breath after being given a dose of lactose or fructose. If these sugars are not metabolized by the body, the bacteria of the intestinal flora produce hydrogen which can be detected in the breath.
  2. Blood test. If our body metabolizes lactose or fructose properly, it will convert them into glucose (measurable through the bloodstream). This analysis seeks therefore the presence of normal blood glucose levels following the ingestion of lactose or fructose.

Gluten

What is it?

Gluten is a set of proteins found in cereal flours such as wheat, bran and oats.


How do you know if you suffer from celiac disease?

Since a blood test is not enough in itself to know if you have celiac disease, if you notice some of the very clear warning symptoms (such as abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea or inexplicable weight loss) it is best to undergo an endoscopy and a biopsy to obtain a definitive result.

10 myths and truths about food

Is it true that combining carbohydrates and proteins is fattening? Can oysters increase our sex drive? Can a healthy diet improve the quality of sperm? How well do you know your food facts? Here are 10 myths and truths about nutrition you need to know about.

True!

While standing not only can we get to eat 75% more calories, but also, when we are sitting, we digest food better because we eat more slowly, chew properly and swallow less air.

False!

Not eating well during the day leads us to eat more calories than we need at night and, as a result, we put on weight. The problem, however, is about not eating properly throughout the day and eating extra at dinner, not about how late we eat.

False!

A varied and balanced diet provides all the vitamins and minerals we need. In fact, in healthy people there is no evidence that taking vitamins improves symptoms such as fatigue or appetite. However, an extra supply of vitamins in specific cases and if the doctor recommends it, can be beneficial to meet certain needs our current diet is not fulfilling.

False!

We regret to say that there is no scientific proof to support this claim. Despite their supply of vitamins A and D and minerals like magnesium, iodine, potassium and phosphorus, the truth is it really doesn’t have any aphrodisiac properties, apart from a vague resemblance to the female anatomy.

True!

What we eat is just as important as the amount, the frequency and the way we cook food. Choose a variety of healthy foods and you will be able to treat yourself from time to time without problem.

False!

The dissociated diet, which consists of separating proteins from carbohydrates, not only has no sound scientific basis, it is also very difficult to implement. How do you separate carbohydrates and protein from foods such as lentils or bread? Besides, there is no evidence to prove that separating the intake of protein and carbohydrates is effective.

True!

Poor eating habits (in addition to alcohol, smoking and drugs) can significantly affect fertility, reducing both the quality and quantity of sperm. Eating foods that are rich in antioxidants, on the other hand, is one of the best ways to improve the quality of your sperm.

False!

Not only does it not have as much iron as we think, but the little it has is poorly absorbed by the body. Some foods that provide a considerable amount of iron include eggs, red meat or seafood with lemon (vitamin C helps absorb iron). In any case, if you suffer from anaemia we recommend you visit your doctor since they will know better what foods you need.

True!

Raw beef or pork, or raw fish or shellfish are not recommended during pregnancy because of the risk of transmission of pathogens (such as salmonella or toxoplasmosis) that can cause severe infections in both the mother and the foetus.

False!

Low-fat foods often include large amounts of salt, sugar and starch to make up for the lost in flavour as a result of reducing the amount of fat. And because we tend to believe that they are more healthy, we end up eating more than we would of the standard version of the product, and that means more calories.

References

Ministerio de Sanidad – La salud también viaja: http://www.msssi.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/sanidadExterior/salud/home.htm
Bellvitge Travel (centro autorizado por la OMS): http://www.bellvitgetravel.com/
Centro de atención al viajero internacional Barnaclínic: http://www.barnaclinic.com/savi/index.html?servei
WHO, viajes internacionales y salud: http://www.who.int/ith/es/
Actualización 2014 requisitos países vacunación fiebre amarilla: http://www.who.int/ith/ITH_Annex_I.pdf?ua=1
Actualización 2014 vacunas: http://www.who.int/ith/ITH_chapter_6.pdf?ua=1
Malaria 2014: http://www.who.int/topics/malaria/es/